Diagnosis of social dysfunctions or individual potentials in the work of a probation officer


Abstract

In this article, the author presents the basic assumptions of a positive diagnosis, which can be used in the work of a probation officer. She treats resocialization as a process of internal transformation, based on the discovery and activated potentials and resources of a socially maladjusted individual. The process of inner transformation is recognized as a result of changes in motivation: from amotivation to intrinsic motivation. As the theoretical basis for creating a model of diagnosis in social rehabilitation, she indicates two concepts: the self-determination theory (SDT) by Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan and the concept of lack
of motivation, mainly the reasons for amotivation by Lisa Legault, Isabelle Green-Demers, Luc G. Pelletier, Stéphanie Dijon, Kim Tuson, Symeon P. Vlachopoulos and Maria A. Gigoudi. In this context, the author analyzes the motivational process from the perspective of effective social rehabilitation. In the following paragraphs of the present study, its author defines a diagnostic process, as well as recommends and provides a substantive justification for a theoretical model of rehabilitation diagnosis. As a result, this paper attempts to formulate recommendations for diagnosis in social rehabilitation, and to construct a theoretical model of rehabilitation diagnosis in the area of the probation officer’s work.


Keywords

Social rehabilitation; diagnosis; a diagnostic model; probation officer; motivation; concepts of motivation

[1]Argyle M., 2004, Psychologia szczęścia, Wydawnictwo Astrum, Wrocław.
[2]Barriga A.Q. i in., 2005, Kwestionariusz : Jak myślę” (HIT). Podręcznik, Instytut Amity, Wrocław.
[3] Brophy J., 2007, Motywowanie uczniów do nauki, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa.
[4] Carr A., 2009, Psychologia pozytywna. Nauka o szczęściu i ludzkich siłach, Wydawnictwo Zysk i S-ka, Poznań.
[5] Czapów C., 1980, Wychowanie resocjalizujące. Elementy metodyki i diagnostyki, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa.
[6] Deci E.L., Ryan R.M., 1990, A motivational approach to self: integration in personality, [w:] Nebraska symposium on motivation: Vol. 38. Perspectives on motivation, (red.) R. Dienstbier, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, ss. 237–288.
[7] Deci E.L., Ryan R.M., 1995, Human autonomy: The basis for true self-esteem, [w:] Efficacy, agency, and self-esteem, (red.) M. Kernis, Plenum, New York, ss. 31–49.
[8] Deci E.L., Ryan R.M., 2000a, Self-Determination Theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development and well-being, „American Psychologist” nr 55(1), ss. 68–78.
[9] Deci E.L., Ryan R.M., 2000b, The „what” and „why” of goal pursuits human needs and the self-determination of behavior, „Psychological Inquiry”, nr 11(4), ss. 227–
–268.
[10] Deci E.L., Ryan R.M., 2004, Handbook of Self-determination Research, University Rochester Press, Rochester.
[11] Deci E.L, Ryan R.M., 2008, Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life’s domains, „Canadian Psychology”, Vol. 49, nr 1, ss. 14–23.
[12] Deci E.L., Ryan R.M., 2008, Self-determination theory: A macrotheory of human motivation, development, and health, „Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne”,
Vol. 49(3), ss. 182–185.
Deci E.L., Vallerand R.J., Pelletier L.G., Ryan R.M., 1991, Motivation and Education: The Self-Determination Perspective, „Educational Psychologist”, nr 26 (3–4), ss. 325–346.
[14] Deci E.L., Vansteenkiste M., 2004, Self-determination theory and basic need satisfaction: Understanding human development in positive psychology, „Ricerche di Psicologia”, nr 27(1), ss. 23–40.
[15] Fromm E., 2005, Niech się stanie człowiek: z psychologii etyki, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa.
[16] Harris M.K., 2005, In search of common ground: the importance of theoretical orientations in criminology and criminal justice, „Criminology and Public Policy”, nr 2(4), ss. 311–328.
[17] Huta V., Ryan, R.M., 2010, Pursuing pleasure or virtue: The differential and overlapping well-being benefits of hedonic and eudaimonic motives, „Journal of Happiness Studies”, nr 11(6), ss. 735–762.
[18] Kozielecki J., 1987, Koncepcja transgresyjna człowieka: analiza psychologiczna, PWN, Warszawa.
[19] Kozielecki J., 1997, Transgresja i kultura, Wydawnictwo Akademickie „Żak”, Warszawa.
[20] Kozielecki J., 2001, Psychotransgresjonizm. Nowy kierunek psychologii, Wydawnictwo Akademickie „Żak”, Warszawa.
[21] Kozielecki J., 2004, Społeczeństwo transgresyjne. Szansa i ryzyko, Wydawnictwo Akademickie „Żak”, Warszawa.
[22] Kozielecki J., 2006, Psychologia nadziei, Wydawnictwo Akademickie „Żak”, Warszawa.
[23] Kozielecki J., 2007, Transgresjonizm, [w:] Encyklopedia pedagogiczna XXI wieku, t. 6, (red.) T. Pilch, Wydawnictwo Akademickie „Żak”, Warszawa, ss. 780–784.
[24] Legault L., Green-Demers I., Pelletier L.G., 2006, Why do high school students lack motivation in the classroom? Toward an understanding of academic amotivation
and the role of Social Support, „Journal of Educational Psychology”, Vol. 98, nr 3, ss. 567–582.
[25] Myers D.G., 2000, The American paradox: spiritual hunger in an age of plenty, Yale University Press, New Haven–London.
[26] Opora R., 2009, Ewolucja niedostosowania społecznego jako rezultat zmian w zakresie odporności psychicznej i zniekształceń poznawczych, Wydawnictwo UG, Gdańsk.
[27] Pelletier L.G., Dion S., Tuson K.M., Green-Demers I., 1999, Why do people fail to adopt environmental behaviors? Towards a taxonomy of environmental amotivation,
„Journal of Applied Social Psychology”, nr 29, ss. 2481–2504.
[28] Pelletier L.G., Fortier M.S., Vallerand R.J., Brière N.M., 2001, Associations between perceived autonomy support, forms of self-regulation, and persistence: a prospective study, „Motivation and Emotion”, nr 4, ss. 279–306.
[29] Pelletier L.G., Sharp E., 2008, Persuasive communication and proenvironmental behaviours: How message tailoring and message framing can improve the integration of
behaviours through self-determined motivation, „Canadian Psychology”, Vol. 49, nr 3, ss. 210–217.
[30] Rheinberg F., 2006, Psychologia motywacji, Wydawnictwo WAM, Kraków.
[31] Ryan R.M., Chirkov V.I., Little T.D, Sheldon K.M., Timoshina E., Deci E.L., 1999, The American dream in Russia: Extrinsic aspirations and well-being in two cultures, „Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin”, 25, s. 1509–1524.
Ryan R.M., Connell J.P., 1989, Perceived locus of causality and internalization: Examining reasons for acting in two domains, „Journal of Personality and Social Psychology”, nr 57, ss. 749–761.
[33] Ryan R.M., Deci E.L., 2000a, Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivations: classic definitions and new directions, „Contemporary Educational Psychology”, nr 25, ss. 54–67.
[34] Ryan R.M., Deci E.L., 2000b, Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being, „American Psychologist”, nr 55(1), ss. 68–78.
[35] Ryan R.M., Deci E.L., 2000c, The darker ad brighter sides of human existence: basic psychological needs as an unifying concept, „Psychological Inquiry”, nr 11,
ss. 319–338.
[36] Ryan R.M., Deci E.L., 2001, On happiness and human potentials: a review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being, [w:] Annual review of psychology, (red.) S. Fiske, „Annual Reviews”, Vol. 52, ss. 141–166, Palo Alto, CA.
[37] Ryan R.M., Huta V., Deci E.L., 2008, Living well: A self-determination theory perspective on eudajmonia, „Journal of Happiness Studies”, nr 9(1), ss. 139–170.
[38] Seligman M.E.P., 2004, Psychologia pozytywna, [w:] Psychologia pozytywna. Nauka o szczęściu, zdrowiu, sile i cnotach człowieka, (red.) J. Czapiński, PWN, Warszawa
2004, ss. 18–32.
[39] Skarżyńska K., 2002, Zaufanie, więzi społeczne i poczucie skuteczności a życie w demokracji. Psychologiczne predyktory satysfakcji z życia i sukcesu we współczesnej Polsce, „Kolokwia Psychologiczne”, nr 10, ss. 197–212.
[40] Skarżyńska K., 2003, Cele życiowe, zaufanie interpersonalne i zadowolenie z życia, „Psychologia Jakości Życia”, nr 2, ss. 35–49.
[41] Vallerand R.J., Bissonnette R., 1992, Intrinsic, extrinsic, and amotivational styles as predictors of behavior: A prospective study, „Journal of Personality”, nr 60(3), ss. 599–620.
[42] Van Petegem S., Soenens B., Vansteenkiste M., Beyers W., 2015, Rebels with a cause? Adolescent defiance from the perspective of reactance theory and self-determination theory, „Child Development”, nr 86, ss. 903–918.
[43] Vansteenkiste M., Lens W., De Witte H., Feather N.T., 2005, Understanding unemployed people’s job search behaviour, unemployment experience and well-being: A comparison of expectancy-value theory and self-determination theory, „British Journal of Social Psychology”, nr 44, ss. 269–287.
[44] Véronneau M., Koestner R.F., Abela J.R.Z., 2005, Intrinsic need satisfaction and well- -being in children and adolescents: an application of the Self–determination theory, „Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology”, nr 24(2), ss. 280–292.
[45] Vlachopoulos S.P., Gigoudi M.A., 2008, Why don’t you exercise? Development of the Amotivation Toward Exercise Scale among older inactive Individuals, „Journal of Aging & Physical Activity”, nr 16, ss. 316–341.
[46] Williams G.C., Cox E.M., Hedberg V.A., Deci E.L., 2000, Extrinsic life goals and health-risk behaviors in adolescents, „Journal of Applied Social Psychology”, nr 30(8), ss. 1756–1771.
[47] Williams G.C., Grow V.M., Freedman Z.R., Ryan R.M., Deci E.L., 1996, Motivational predictors of weight loss and weight-loss maintenance, „Journal of Personality and Social Psychology”, nr 70, ss. 115–126.
Wysocka E., 2019, Diagnoza pozytywna w resocjalizacji. Warsztat diagnostyczny pedagoga praktyka, Wydawnictwo UŚ, Katowice.
[49] Wysocka E., Ostafińska-Molik B., 2014, Nastawienia życiowe młodzieży niedostosowanej społecznie i prawidłowo przystosowanej – analiza porównawcza, „Przegląd
Naukowo-Metodyczny, Edukacja dla Bezpieczeństwa”, nr 22(1), s. 233–254.
[50] Wysocka E., Ostafińska-Molik B., 2016a, „Podobnie niedostosowani, a mimo to różni”. Polaryzacje samooceny w grupie wychowanków Młodzieżowych Ośrodków Wychowawczych i Socjoterapeutycznych, „Studia Edukacyjne”, nr 39, s. 307–329.
[51] Wysocka E., Ostafińska-Molik B., 2016b, Wybrane determinanty polaryzacji samooceny w grupie wychowanków Młodzieżowych Ośrodków Wychowawczych i Socjoterapeutycznych, „Resocjalizacja Polska”, nr 12, ss. 119–144.
[52] Zimbardo P.G., Johnson R.L., McCann V., 2011, Psychologia. Kluczowe koncepcje, t. 2: Motywacja i uczenie się, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa. Iwona Klonowska

Published : 2019-03-07


Wysocka, E. (2019). Diagnosis of social dysfunctions or individual potentials in the work of a probation officer. Polish Journal of Social Rehabilitation, (17), 49–67. https://doi.org/10.22432/pjsr.2019.17.05

Ewa Wysocka  ewa.wysocka@hot.pl
Politechnika Śląska  Poland


CitedBy Crossref
0

CitedBy Scopus
0



Copyright Notice:

Articles are published in accordance with conditions identical to the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (also called as CC-BY) license conditions, available on http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ and this permission applies to any language version or any later version of the license as published by the Creative Commons organization.

Author retain the copyright to the article, while at the same time he/she transfers the article property rights to the Publisher free of charge (without territorial and time restrictions).

The online edition of the Polish Journal of Social Rehabilitation is published under Open Access, which means that users can read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, and link to the full texts of these articles - are provided with full unrestricted access.

The publisher does not charge for providing access to full versions of articles nor for their use as referred to in above.