Stress and burnout with remote learning and psychoactive substance use as predictors of students’ psychological well-being during the Covid-19 pandemic


Engaging in health risk behaviors, along with educational problems, are among the main factors negatively affecting adolescents’ health and mental well-being. However, stress and burnout from remote learning and substance abuse during the Covid- 19 pandemic as predictors of students’ psychological well-being have not yet been studied more extensively in Poland and around the world. With this in mind, the purpose of the study conducted was to see if there was a relationship between stress, school burnout and psychoactive substance use and students’ psychological well-being. Method: The study was conducted via the Internet using the following methods: Remote Learning Burnout Scale, Risk Behavior Questionnaire, Caroll Ryff Brief Mental Well-Being Scale, 1 Question Measurement of Educational Stress. The group of study subjects consisted of 186 adolescents (60% girls) with a mean age of M = 15.93 years (SD = 1.70 years). Results: The data obtained indicate that the most common psychoactive substance used by adolescents was alcohol (38% of students) and nicotine (32% of students). Statistically significant negative associations were confirmed between psychological well-being and stress and burnout with remote learning, as well as more frequent use of tobacco and hanging out with addicts. Remote learning burnout syndrome correlated positively with smoking and marijuana use, as well as alcohol consumption and binge drinking. In the summary regression model, only remote learning burnout and cigarette use proved to be significant predictors, explaining 18% of the variance in the students’ psychological well-being score. Conclusions: The data obtained unequivocally confirmed that effective mental health promotion among adolescents must take into account two key areas of prevention, i.e. strategies for coping with educational cyber-stress and remote learning burnout, as well as psycho-prevention focused on minimizing the risk of young people turning to psychoactive substances.


school stress; remote learning burnout; psychoactive substance use; psychological well-being

Published : 2024-02-02

Muchacka-Cymerman, A., & Tomaszek, K. (2024). Stress and burnout with remote learning and psychoactive substance use as predictors of students’ psychological well-being during the Covid-19 pandemic. Resocjalizacja Polska, (26), 217-237.

Agnieszka Muchacka-Cymerman 
Uniwersytet Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie  Poland
Katarzyna Tomaszek 
Uniwersytet Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie  Poland

CitedBy Crossref

CitedBy Scopus

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice:

Articles are published in accordance with conditions identical to the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (also called as CC-BY) license conditions, available on and this permission applies to any language version or any later version of the license as published by the Creative Commons organization.

Author retain the copyright to the article, while at the same time he/she transfers the article property rights to the Publisher free of charge (without territorial and time restrictions).

The online edition of the Polish Journal of Social Rehabilitation is published under Open Access, which means that users can read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, and link to the full texts of these articles - are provided with full unrestricted access.

The publisher does not charge for providing access to full versions of articles nor for their use as referred to in above.