Hegemonic masculinity: theory and social construction of crime
The article is devoted to analysing one of the „gender-sensitive” crime theories which are strictly connected with the hegemonic masculinity concept. Two crime contexts of hegemonic masculinity are considered. The first one is related to practicing crime by men who do have hegemonic position in society, in one or another way. The second one relates to crime committed by men who are deprived of it. Also, the hegemonic masculinity is seen both in the light of gender relations (masculinity versus femininity) and in the light of social stratification of masculinities. In the article various versions of hegemonic masculinity are reconstructed and to a ceratin extent confronted with cultural and social reality, also in the criminal sphere. The attention is paid to a crime committed by working class men to compensate for their social marginalization. Also, the hegemonic masculinity based on class position, status and income is compared to the black hipersexual masculinity and macho violent masculinity. In his article the author does not absolutise the hegemonic masculinity theory and does not treat it as macro explanatory. He is convinced that this concept has in the field of crime theory an interesting potential but also its obvious limitations.
hegemonic masculinity; crime; social dominance; compensation
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