Alcohol use disorder according to DSM-5 Opportunities and constraints resulting from changing diagnostic criteria


Abstract

Another revision of the DSM manual (Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders — DSM-5) appeared in 2013 and introduced far-reaching changes in the understanding of
psychoactive substance use disorders. The most important breakthrough concerns the understanding of alcohol use. The move away from a dichotomous, binary understanding of
alcohol dependence and abuse has allowed the creation of a new diagnostic category of alcohol use disorder (AUD). The article addresses the issue of changes in diagnostic criteria for alcohol use disorder in the light of the latest DSM-5 classification. The location of the category of alcohol use disorder, its definition and diagnostic criteria will be presented. The author also compares the symptoms of alcohol use disorder according to DSM-5 with the corresponding ICD-10 International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems)criteria. The article ends with pointing out numerous controversies concerning the new category. The challenge for future research is to plan treatment according to the severity of the alcohol disorder.


Keywords

alcohol use disorder; DSM-5; ICD-10; diagnostic criteria; alcohol addiction

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Published : 2020-11-01


Modrzyński, R. (2020). Alcohol use disorder according to DSM-5 Opportunities and constraints resulting from changing diagnostic criteria. Polish Journal of Social Rehabilitation, (19), 49–60. https://doi.org/10.22432/pjsr.2020.19.04

Robert Modrzyński 
Uniwersytet Marii Curie Skłodowskiej w Lublinie  Poland


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