Prison staff at risk of professional burnout diagnosis of the phenomenon


Abstract

The aim of the pilot study was to establish the scale of the professional burnout risk for prison officers and to analyze what factors may be associated with the burnout risk. It was important in this case to determine what styles and strategies of coping are used by the respondents and how this may affect the level and scale of burnout. What is the level of anxiety of the subjects? The sense of self-efficacy and satisfaction with life was important for the evaluation of the well-being of the surveyed employees. The sense of social support is also important for the evaluation of the burnout risk, so the evaluation of support and its correlation with the professional burnout of the prison officers surveyed was included among the cognitive objectives. The research used the following questionnaires: the Maslach Burnout Inventory, STAI Questionnaire – State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, CISS Questionnaire – Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, COPE Questionnaire – Multidimensional Inventory to Measure Stress Management, GSES – General Self-Efficacy Scale, SWLS – Satisfaction With Life Scale, SSQSR – Social Support Questionnaire. The results of the pilot studies showed that, in the group of 30 security officers from two prisons, the level of burnout is moderate. Depersonalization is marked as the strongest. Their behavior is characterized by a high level of anxiety while using task-based coping styles and active strategies. Self-efficacy and satisfaction with life remain at an average level. The social support received is not fully satisfactory. No correlation was found between these variables and professional
burnout of the subjects


Keywords

Professional burnout, professional stress, prison, prison officers, coping styles and strategies, social support.

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Published : 2019-04-08


Sekułowicz, M. (2019). Prison staff at risk of professional burnout diagnosis of the phenomenon. Polish Journal of Social Rehabilitation, (18), 191-207. https://doi.org/10.22432/pjsr.2019.18.11

Małgorzata Sekułowicz 
Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego we Wrocławiu  Poland






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