Nierówności społeczne jako wyznacznik różnych oczekiwań rodziców w zakresie zaangażowania w kształcenie uczniów ze specjalnymi potrzebami (SPE) w Nigerii

Olusegun Emmanuel Afolabi

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22432/pjsr.2016.11.14

Abstrakt


Mimo iż zaangażowanie rodziców w edukację swoich dzieci na całym świecie zyskuje coraz większą popularność, niewiele systematycznych badań koncentruje się na oczekiwaniach rodziców uczniów ze specjalnymi potrzebami edukacyjnymi (SPE) w zakresie zaangażowania w kształcenie w edukacji włączającej. Niniejsza praca, oparta na literaturze, z wykorzystaniem modelu ekologicznego oraz modelu Hoover-Dempsey i Sandlera (1995) jako ram teoretycznych i pojęciowych, ma na celu zbadanie przyczyn różnic w oczekiwaniach rodziców w zakresie ich zaangażowania w edukację uczniów z SPE w Nigerii. Pytanie badawcze brzmi: czy cechy strukturalne rodziny, takie jak: płeć, stan cywilny i wykształcenie rodziców mają znaczący wpływ na oczekiwania rodzicielskie w zakresie udziału w edukacji włączającej w Nigerii? Wykorzystując ilościową metodę badawczą w badaniu zebrano dane od rodziców 372 uczniów z SPE z 10 regularnych szkół podstawowych w Ibadan, Stan Oyo w Nigerii. Zastosowano instrument badający zakres zaangażowania rodziców w edukację włączającą (PII). Badania wykazały, że następujące czynniki społeczno-kulturowe i gospodarcze: stan cywilny, wykształcenie i płeć rodziców wpływają na oczekiwania co do ich zaangażowania w edukację uczniów z SPE w Nigerii. Wynika z nich także wskazówka dla rządu i resortu edukacji, aby wspierały działania i programy zachęcające rodziców do uczestniczenia w procesie nauczania dzieci poprzez tworzenie dla nich grup wsparcia, w których mogliby dzielić się swoją wiedzą i współpracować ze szkołą w edukacji włączającej swoich dzieci.


Słowa kluczowe


zaangażowanie rodziców; oczekiwania, nierówności społeczne; cechy strukturalne rodziny; edukacja włączająca

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